A good discussion going on (again) on the systems thinking for K-12SD discussion list (which I think is some kind of age based testing level in the American testing system) at: http://www.clexchange.org/cle/k12listserve.asp
The original question was
Paul Newton offered the notes and link: Some good references relating systems thinking and scientific thinking are Barry Richmond’s writings on systems thinking skills. He discusses scientific thinking as one of the twelve systems thinking skills he discussed in multiple papers (see attached slides and references). See page 131 in http://clexchange.org/ftp/documents/whyk12sd/Y_1993-05STCriticalThinking.pdf, and pages iii, 4, especially page 29, and 34.
It might also be helpful to suggest that your audiences reflect on similarities/differences with the scientific method of John Sterman’s iterative five-step modeling process in Chapter 3 of his book Business Dynamics: Systems Thinking and Modeling for a Complex World. I like to use John Sterman’s process because it is simpler and more readily communicated to most people than arethe processes of which I’m aware that have been published by other authors. It is worth looking at the book chapter to see the graphics, but the five iterative steps are:
1) Problem articulation (boundary selection, reference modes) 2) Dynamic hypothesis 3) Formulation 4) Testing 5) Policy Formulation and Evaluation